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    金衛東:創新及其先決條件

    http://news.feedtrade.com.cn/ 2021-06-24 13:41:32 禾豐股份

       背景資料zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      本文是金衛東先生在中央統戰部與全國工商聯聯合組織的清華大學NEED新時代企業家培訓項目的結業報告,基于他的創業體會和對創新精神的認識思考,結合其不久前的一個演講,在清華的嚴格要求下按時完成了這份報告。完成報告的過程是他又一次自我反省自我提升的過程,報告中文版還提前發給公司的管理骨干,報告英文版發給公司的海外合作伙伴征詢意見,讀后大家都非?隙,促進了大家對企業家精神特別是其中創新精神的辯證理解,同步豐富了大家的管理思想,同時鍛煉了兩名參與翻譯整理的博士生的英語能力,可謂一舉多得!zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      報告格式規范,論證嚴謹,中英文嚴格對應,精益求精,把平凡的事做得非同凡響是金衛東先生的一貫風格。zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      一、引言zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      創新目前有被濫用的傾向,天南海北任何場景誰要不談創新,誰就好像落伍。創新如同靈丹妙藥,不管經營什么業務,不管遇到什么困難,千病一方都必須創新。但是創新絕不那么簡單,盲目的創新就是死路一條。zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      創新的英文Innovation,in是不,no更是不,就是否定再否定,一再的否定,難道我們企業現在是一無是處嗎?當然不是。企業每天的工作應該是在正常的軌道上繼續發揚光大,而不是天天自我批判,如果天天自我批判,我們就不應該存在,特別是已經成功的企業,應該堅持走自己的道路,而不是盲目地自我否定。zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      二、企業家精神的特質zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

    1.png zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      2.1 創新是企業家精神的靈魂zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      其實創新并不是企業家精神的全部,它只是企業家諸多精神特質的一項,當然這一項非常重要,是靈魂。企業家精神是什么?“企業家”這一概念由法國經濟學家理查德·坎蒂隆(Richard Cantillon)在18世紀30年代首次提出,即:企業家使經濟資源的效率由低轉高;“企業家精神”則是企業家特殊技能(包括精神和技巧)的集合[1];蛘哒f,“企業家精神”指企業家組織建立和經營管理企業的綜合才能的表述方式,它是一種重要而特殊的無形生產要素。創新之外還有哪些企業家精神呢?zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      2.2 冒險是企業家精神的天性zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      理查德·坎蒂隆(Richard Cantillon)和奈特(Frank Rnight)兩位經濟學家,將企業家精神與風險(risk)或不確定性(uncertainty)聯系在一起。[1,2]沒有甘冒風險和承擔風險的魄力,就不可能成為企業家。企業創新風險是二進制的,要么成功,要么失敗,只能對沖不能交易,企業家沒有別的第三條道路。在美國3M公司有一個很有價值的口號:“為了發現王子,你必須和無數個青蛙接吻。”“接吻青蛙”常常意味著冒險與失敗,但是“如果你不想犯錯誤,那么什么也別干”。同樣,對1939年在美國硅谷成立的惠普、1946年在日本東京成立的索尼、 1976年在臺灣成立的Acer、1984年分別在中國北京、青島成立的聯想和海爾等眾多企業而言,雖然這些企業創始人的生長環境、成長背景和創業機緣各不相同,但無一例外都是在條件極不成熟和外部環境極不明晰的情況下,他們敢為人先,第一個跳出來吃螃蟹。zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      2.3 合作是企業家精神的精華zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      正如艾伯特·赫希曼所言:企業家在重大決策中實行集體行為而非個人行為。[3]盡管偉大的企業家表面上常常是一個人的表演(One-ManShow),但真正的企業家其實是擅長合作的,而且這種合作精神需要擴展到企業的每個員工。企業家既不可能也沒有必要成為一個超人(superman),但企業家應努力成為蜘蛛人(spiderman),要有非常強的“結網”能力和意識。西門子是一個例證,這家公司秉承員工為 “企業內部的企業家”的理念,開發員工的潛質。在這個過程中,經理人充當教練角色,讓員工進行合作,并為其合理的目標定位實施引導,同時給予足夠的施展空間,并及時予以鼓勵。西門子公司因此獲得令人羨慕的產品創新紀錄和成長紀錄。zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      2.4 敬業是企業家精神的動力zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      馬克斯·韋伯在《新教倫理與資本主義精神》中寫到:“這種需要人們不停地工作的事業,成為他們生活中不可或缺的組成部分。事實上,這是唯一可能的動機。但與此同時,從個人幸福的觀點來看,它表述了這類生活是如此的不合理:在生活中,一個人為了他的事業才生存,而不是為了他的生存才經營事業。”[4]貨幣只是成功的標志之一,對事業的忠誠和責任,才是企業家的“頂峰體驗”和不竭動力。zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      2.5 學習是企業家精神的關鍵zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      荀子曰:“學不可以已。”彼得·圣吉在其名著《第五項修煉》中說到:“真正的學習,涉及人之所以為人此一意義的核心。”[5] 學習與智商相輔相成,以系統思考的角度來看,從企業家到整個企業必須是持續學習、全員學習、團隊學習和終生學習。日本企業的學習精神尤為可貴,他們向愛德華茲·戴明學習質量和品牌管理,向約琴夫·M·朱蘭學習組織生產,向彼得·德魯克學習市場營銷及管理。同樣,美國企業也在虛心學習,企業流程再造和扁平化組織,正是學習日本的團隊精神結出的碩果。zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      2.6 執著是企業家精神的本色zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      英特爾總裁葛洛夫有句名言:“只有偏執狂才能生存。”[6]這意味著在遵循摩爾定律的信息時代,只有堅持不懈持續不斷地創新,以夸父追日般的執著,咬定青山不放松,才可能穩操勝券。在發生經濟危機時,資本家可以用腳投票,變賣股票退出企業,勞動者亦可以退出企業,然而企業家卻是唯一不能退出企業的人。正所謂“鍥而不舍,金石可鏤;鍥而舍之,朽木不折”。“在20世紀80年代諾基亞人涉足移動通訊,但到90年代初芬蘭出現嚴重經濟危機,諾基亞未能幸免遭到重創,公司股票市值縮水了50%。在此生死存亡關頭,公司非但沒有退卻,反而毅然決定變賣其他產業,集中公司全部的資源專攻移動通訊。堅韌執著的諾基亞成功了,某一階段諾基亞手機在世界市場占有率已達到35%。zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      2.7 誠信是企業家精神的基石zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      誠信是企業家的立身之本,企業家在修煉領導藝術的所有原則中,誠信是絕對不能妥協的原則。市場經濟是法制經濟,更是信用經濟、誠信經濟。沒有誠信的商業社會,將充滿極大的道德風險,顯著抬高交易成本,造成社會資源的巨大浪費。其實,凡勃倫在其名著《企業論》中早就指出:有遠見的企業家非常重視包括誠信在內的商譽。[7]諾貝爾經濟學獎得主弗里德曼更是明確指出:“企業家只有一個責任,就是在符合游戲規則下,運用生產資源從事利潤的活動。亦即須從事公開和自由的競爭,不能有欺瞞和詐欺。”[8]zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      三、創新的先決條件zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

    2.png zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      論述創新我們就不得不提及一位古典經濟學家,他是奧地利人,但是他成名成家在美國,很多奧地利經濟學家都有非常深邃的思考,因此經濟學界有一個奧地利學派,他就是奧地利學派的領軍人物熊彼特。熊彼特第一次定義了創新:“創新就是創造性破壞creative destruction。”創新不是天才的閃爍,而是企業家艱苦工作的結果,創新是企業家活動的典型特征。“創新的實質是做不同的事情,而不是將現在已經做的事情做得更好。”[9] 也就是說創新不是進化不是evolution,而是革命是revolution。zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      既然創新如此重要,我們是不是要天天創新,全力以赴創新,每時每刻創新?我覺得不能,不僅企業發展順利的時候不能,即使是企業發展遇到困難的時候,也不能盲目地自我否定。而且創新必須具有某些先決條件,為了能把這個充滿教化色彩的話題闡釋得更生動,我用印度教三尊主神的故事來論述什么是創新的先決條件。zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      3.1 創新需要破壞者進行創造性破壞zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

    3.png zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      去過印度的人都知道印度教三尊主神,第一尊神叫濕婆,濕婆是個男人,是印度教三大主神中最重要的一尊神,到印度的寺廟,你會發現三大神中濕婆的寺廟最大。我們往往認為世界最早的宗教是佛教,可是佛教實際源于印度教,是印度教的一個簡版,印度教特別難以理解,可以說是恒河沙數,博大精深。濕婆這尊印度教最重要的神是做什么的呢?是破壞者、是毀滅者,從這個寓意上說也可以說是個創新者?墒怯《冉倘鹬魃,濕婆不能單獨存在,還得有另外兩尊神才行,一尊是梵天-創造之神,不破不立,同樣不立不破,沒有創造哪有實體,沒有存在談何破壞?另一尊神是庇護者、保護者毗濕奴,如果沒有毗濕奴,一旦我們沖動地破壞了什么,就沒有機會再重新把它找回來。zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      3.2 創新需要創造者和保守者的平衡力量zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      如果在企業里你本身就是一個創造者,是一個能夠發現自己錯誤又及時糾正的人,那么你就可以勇敢地做一個創新者;又或如果在企業里,你是一個大膽革新的人,而你的伙伴是創造者、庇護者,你也可以大膽地創新。遺憾的是我們往往只是一個角色,我們自己做了決策難以自我覺醒,即使做了錯的決策也難以收回成命,既然是這樣,你就必須在創新之前先培養公司的力量平衡,你的公司應該有創新者,也要有一些保守者,還應有一些讓你的創新、魯莽的行為得到及時糾正的人,如果這樣,大家就可以放心地創新了。zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      3.3 創新需要失敗帶來的經驗教訓與謹慎zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

    4.pngzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      三尊主神之外我還有補充:毀滅者濕婆犯過大錯誤,他殺過自己的兒子,因為濕婆離家以后,他的妻子帶著孩子在家里生活,幾年以后,濕婆回家發現一個英俊的男人從家里走出來,他的嫉妒心一下子就上來了,一刀就把英俊的男人殺死了。他的妻子雪山女神從房間走出來以后大喊:“你為什么把我們的孩子殺死了?”他追悔莫及,于是他去找毗濕奴,對他說:“我犯了錯誤,把我的兒子殺了,怎么辦?”毗濕奴說:“你一直向前走。當你看到第一個動物的時候,把它的頭割下來,接到你孩子的頭上,他就會復活。”于是他向前走,看到了一頭小象,他就把象頭割下來,接到了他的孩子頭上,這就是印度教中另一尊重要的神叫象神伽內什(Ganesha)。[10]他的存在使得濕婆這個毀滅、破壞之神有所收斂。zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      四、結論zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      企業家大膽創新的前提條件是組織里要有創造者、有庇護者,最好還有個人失敗的記憶,這樣你才會創新創得更嚴謹,創新創得更有意義。zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      五、英文摘要——Abstract zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      At present, some enterprises overuse the concept of "innovation" hoping that it could be the solution of all problems. Therefore, this article proposes that blind innovation could bring greater risks and illustrated that some pre-conditions are needed for innovation: creators, patrons and experience of failure. The author first demonstrated the significance of innovation from theoretical and practical perspectives, pointing out that innovation was the soul of entrepreneurship, but entrepreneurship also included other six necessary aspects: adventure, cooperation, dedication, learning, perseverance and honesty. Then, based on Schumpeter's theory of creative destruction, the author puts forward four pre-requisites for enterprise management innovation: brave innovators; creators and patrons as two roles of the balance power; lessons and cautions obtained from innovator's failures. Finally, the author drew a conclusion: If there was an organization with creators and patrons, ideally, there was also a memory of personal failure; entrepreneurs could avoid blind innovation to carry out bold, rigorous and meaningful innovations.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

    《Innovation and it's pre-conditions》zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      AbstractzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      At present, some enterprises overuse the concept of "innovation" hoping that it could be the solution of all problems. Therefore, this article proposes that blind innovation could bring greater risks and illustrated that some pre-conditions are needed for innovation: creators, patrons and experience of failure. The author first demonstrated the significance of innovation from theoretical and practical perspectives, pointing out that innovation was the soul of entrepreneurship, but entrepreneurship also included other six necessary aspects: adventure, cooperation, dedication, learning, perseverance and honesty. Then, based on Schumpeter's theory of creative destruction, the author puts forward four pre-requisites for enterprise management innovation: brave innovators; creators and patrons as two roles of the balance power; lessons and cautions obtained from innovator's failures. Finally, the author drew a conclusion: If there was an organization with creators and patrons, ideally, there was also a memory of personal failure; entrepreneurs could avoid blind innovation to carry out bold, rigorous and meaningful innovations.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      I IntroductionzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      At present, Innovation tends to be abused. Anyone who doesn't talk about innovation in any scene is assumed to be behind the times. Innovation seems to have become a magic potion, and no matter what business you are in, no matter what difficulties you encounter, you have to innovate. But innovation is not so simple, blind innovation is a dead end.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      In English word "Innovation", "In" is a negative prefix, and "NO" also represents negative, that is, "negate again and again". Are our enterprises good-for-nothing? Of course not. The daily work of enterprises should continue to carry forward on the normal track, instead of self-criticism every day. If we blindly criticize ourselves every day, we cannot be here as the elites and outstanding representatives of the industry. Rather than being self-denial blindly, successful enterprises should, even more, stick to their own path.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      II The characteristics of entrepreneurshipzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      2.1 Innovation, the soul of entrepreneurshipzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      Innovation is not the whole of entrepreneurship, but only one of the characteristics of entrepreneurship, even though it is very important and is the soul of entrepreneurship. What is entrepreneurship? The concept of "entrepreneur" was first proposed by French economist Richard Cantillon in the 1830s, that is, "Entrepreneurs make the efficiency of economic resources from low to high. Entrepreneurship is the integration of the entrepreneur's special skills, including spirit and skill.[1] In other words, entrepreneurship refers to the embodiment of the comprehensive ability of entrepreneurs to establish and manage enterprises. It is an important and special intangible factor of production. What does entrepreneurship include besides innovation?zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      2.2 Adventure, the nature of entrepreneurshipzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      Economists Richard Cantillon and Frank Knight linked entrepreneurship with risk or uncertainty in their books.[1,2] Without the courage to take risks, it is impossible to become an entrepreneur. The risk of innovation is binary, either success or failure, can only hedge rather than trade, there is no other third path for entrepreneurs. Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing (3M) has a very valuable slogan "To find the prince, you must kiss a million frogs." "Kissing the frog" often implies risk and failure, but "if you don't want to make a mistake, then do nothing". Similarly, although the founders of many enterprises, such as HP, which was founded in Silicon Valley in 1939, Sony, which was founded in Tokyo in 1946, Acer, which was founded in Taiwan in 1976, Lenovo and Haier, which were founded in Beijing and Qingdao in 1984. These companies have different growth environments, backgrounds, and business opportunities, but all of them dare to be the first to jump out to eat crabs when the conditions are very immature, and the external environment is very unclear.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      2.3 Cooperation, the essence of entrepreneurshipzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      As Albert Hirschman said, entrepreneurs act collectively rather than individually in making important decisions.[3] While great entrepreneurs often appear to be one-man shows, real entrepreneurs are actually good cooperators, and that spirit of collaboration needs to affect every employee in the business. It is neither possible nor necessary for an entrepreneur to be a superman, but an entrepreneur should strive to be a spider-man, who has a very strong ability and consciousness to "spin a web". Siemens is an vivid example that develops the potential of its employees by treating them as "entrepreneurs within the company". In this process, the manager acts as a coach to promote the cooperation of employees, give guidance to their targets, provide enough display space and encourage them in time. As a result, Siemens has an enviable record of product innovation and growth.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      2.4 Dedication, the motive power of entrepreneurshipzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      In "The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism", Max Weber wrote, “This occupation which required men to work constantly, became an indispensable part of their lives. In fact, it was the only possible motive. But at the same time, from the point of personal happiness, it expresses how irrational is the kind of life in which a man lives for his business and not manages for his survival.”[4] Currency is only one of the signs of success. Loyalty and responsibility to the career are the "peak experience" and inexhaustible driving force of entrepreneurs.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      2.5 Learning, the key to entrepreneurshipzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      Xunzi said, "learning has no end". "Real learning goes to the heart of what it means to be human" Peter Senge wrote in his masterpiece "The Fifth Discipline". [5] Learning and intelligence go hand in hand. From the perspective of systems thinking, we must be continuous learning, full-crew learning, team learning and lifetime learning from the entrepreneur to the whole enterprise. The learning spirit of Japanese companies is especially valuable. They learn quality and brand management from Edwards Deming, learn organizing production from Josef M. Juran, and learn marketing and management from Peter Drucker. In the same way, American companies are also learning from team spirit of Japan. The business process reengineering, and Flat organization are what they learned from Japan.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      2.6 Perseverance, the true quality of entrepreneurshipzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      Intel CEO Grove famously said that "only the paranoid survives." [6] This means that in the information age following Moore's law, only by persistent and continuous innovation, with the persistence of the sun, and the persistence of the green mountain, can the victory be guaranteed. In the event of an economic crisis, capitalists can vote with their feet, sell their shares and exit their enterprises, and workers can exit their enterprises, but entrepreneurs are the only ones who cannot. As the saying goes, "Constant dripping wears away the stone. Cheese instead, you can't chop deadwood ". Nokia got involved in mobile communications in the 1980s, but in the early 1990s there was a severe economic crisis in Finland, which hit Nokia hard and its stock market value fell by 50%. At this critical juncture, the company did not retreat, but decided to sell other industries, concentrating all the resources of the company to focus on mobile communications. The tenacious Nokia succeeded, and at one stage its mobile phone market share reached 35% of the world market.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      2.7 Honesty, the cornerstone of entrepreneurshipzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      Honesty is the foundation of an entrepreneur, and among all the principles of the entrepreneur's leadership, honesty is the principle that cannot be compromised. Market economy is legal economy, more of credit economy, and good faith economy. A commercial society without good faith will be full of great moral hazard, significantly raise transaction costs and cause a huge waste of social resources. In fact, Veblen has pointed out in his famous book "On the Enterprise" that far-sighted entrepreneurs attach great importance to goodwill, including integrity. [7] Friedman, winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics, clearly pointed out: "Entrepreneurs have only one responsibility, that is, to use productive resources to engage in profitable activities in accordance with the rules of the game. That means open and free competition, without deception or fraud. [8]zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      III Pre-conditions of InnovationzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      When it comes to innovation, we have to mention a classical economist Schumpeter, a very famous Austrian economist. Many Austrian economists have very profound ideas, and there is an Austrian school of economics. Schumpeter is the leader of the Austrian school. He first defined innovation that "Innovation is the destruction of creativity." Innovation is not the flicker of genius, but the result of the hard work of entrepreneurs. Innovation is the typical characteristic of entrepreneurial activities. "Innovation is about doing something different, not doing something better that you already do."[9] In other words, innovation is not evolution, but revolution.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      Since innovation is so important, should we innovate every day, with all our might and all the time? I think not. Not only when the enterprise's development is in good condition, but also when it’s in difficulty, we should not be blindly self-denial. Moreover, innovation must have certain pre-conditions. To illustrate this enlightened topic more vividly, I will discuss what the pre-conditions are with the story of the three Hindu deities.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      3.1 Innovation needs destruction of creativityzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      Anyone who has been to India knows that there are three main deities in Hinduism. The first god is called Shiva. Shiva is a man, and he is the most important god among the three main deities in Hinduism. We tend to believe that the world's earliest religion is Buddhism, but Buddhism actually originated from Hinduism and is a simple version of Hinduism. Hinduism is particularly difficult to be understood, and it can be said that it is like the Ganges, extensive and profound. What is the most important god Shiva responsible for? He is a destroyer, but to a certain extent, is also an innovator. Among the three main deities of Hinduism, Shiva cannot exist alone. There must be two other deities. One god is Brahma, the god of the creator, “There can be no creation without destruction". Without creation, how could there be any entity? Without existence, how could it be destroyed? The other god is Vishnu, the patron. Without Vishnu, once we impulsively break something, we have no chance to get it back.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      3.2 Innovation needs the power of balance from the creator and the patronzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      If you are a creator in the enterprise, a person who can find mistakes and correct them in time, you can be brave to be an innovator. If you're a venturesome innovator in a business, and your partner is the creator and the patron, you can go for it. Unfortunately, we tend to be individualistic. We make our own decisions and don't always feel self-conscious, and even when we make the wrong decisions, we don't always recall an order. In this case, you must cultivate the power of balance in your company before you innovate. There must be some conservatives to ensure that your innovation and recklessness are corrected in time so that people can innovate in confidence.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      3.3 Innovation needs lessons and caution from failurezjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      In addition to these three main deities, I will add one more. The destroyer Shiva made a big mistake that he killed his son. After Shiva left home, his wife lived with their children. A few years later, Shiva returned home and found a handsome man walking out of the house. His jealousy came up instantaneously and he killed the handsome guy. His wife, the snow mountain goddess, came out of the room and cried out, "Why did you kill our children?" He was so regretful that he went to Vishnu and asked him for help, "I have made a mistake in killing my son. What should I do?" Vishnu said, "Go straight on. When you see the first animal, cut off its head and attach it to your child's head, and he will resurrect from death." So Shiva went forward and saw a baby elephant. He cut off its head and put it on the neck of his child.[10] This was another revered Hindu god called Ganesha, and his existence makes up for the destruction and devastation of Visnu.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      IV ConclusionzjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      The precondition for entrepreneurial innovation is an organization with creators, patrons and, ideally, a memory of personal failure, so that you can innovate more rigor and innovate more meaningfully. zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

      Reference[1] Richard Cantillon, Essay on the Nature of Commerce in General, Beijing, Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press,2012.[2] Frank Rnight, Risk, Uncertainty and Profit, Beijing, Commercial Press, 2010.[3] Albert O. Hirschman, Translated by Lu Changchong, Exit, Voice, and Loyalty Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States, Shanghai, Shanghai Century Press,2015.[4] Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Beijing, Peking University Press, 2012.[5] Peter Senge, Translated by Zhang Chenglin, The Fifth Discipline, Beijing, China CITIC Press,2012.[6] Andy·Grove, Translated by Anran、Zhang Wanwei, Only the paranoid survive, Beijing, China CITIC Press,2014.[7] Veblen, Translated by Cai Shoubai, On the Enterprise, Beijing, Commercial Press, 2012.[8] Friedmann, Translated by Zhang Ruiyu, Capitalism and Freedom, Beijing, Commercial Press, 2004.[9] Joseph Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, Beijing, Commercial Press, 1999.[10] Cai Pinpin, The transformation of the image of elephant head God in China, Gansu, Lanzhou University,2012.zjR中國飼料行業信息網-立足飼料,服務畜牧

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